What Actually Is A Torque Wrench?
Usually, it puts you in an uncomfortable situation if you are talking to someone and they’re using terms or words of which you do not even know the meaning. So before we start learning more about what torque wrenches are, let’s begin this article by knowing what a torque wrenches is.
Torque wrench is basically a type of wrench that is specifically designed to apply specific amount of force otherwise called as torque to a bolt or nut. Whenever non-mechanic individuals heard of torque, they immediately jump to a conclusion that it is the engine’s horsepower. Well, torque does refer to a force rotating such as the wheels of a car but that term can also refer to almost anything in that case and not only the power of your car’s engine.
Another quite common example involves lug nuts that are holding the wheels on an automobile. These lug nuts have a specific amount of torque in which they must be tightened. In the event that too little amount of force is used, they may come loose while you are driving which can lead to unstable wheel or worse, your wheel may come off. If they are too tight on the other hand, you are running the risk of something cracking that can cause some problems on the wheels. For this reason, making use of a torque wrench should be considered if ever these nuts have to be applied with specific torque or amount of force.
For the most basic type of this wrench, it has a small gauge showing how much force you’re applying. And in case of your lug nuts, cars often need 80 pounds of force, what you should do is put the wrench on and then tighten it until it shows that you are applying 80 pounds of torque and you are good.
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There are various types of torque wrenches as a matter of fact with the most basic being mentioned above. Normally, it simply uses a needle to be able to indicate the amount of force applied. Some also have mechanisms that are preventing you from over-tightening, which might have clutch that will disengage when you reach that certain amount of force. With this, it helps in preventing unnecessary force to be applied.
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Again, there are electronic wrenches that have a digital display than an analog gauge. Moreover, there are hydraulic torque wrenches that are available in the market as well which is capable of applying significant amount of force by using hydraulics. This oftentimes is used on bigger pieces of machinery where basic wrenches would not work.